What is a fighting position called?

A foxhole is one type of defensive strategic position. It is a “small pit used for cover, usually for one or two personnel, and so constructed that the occupants can effectively fire from it”. It is known more commonly within United States Army slang as a “fighting position” or as a “ranger grave”.

What is a primary fighting position?

Primary Fighting Positions.

The primary fighting position is the best available position from which the assigned sector of fire can be covered. Individuals, fire teams, squads, and crew-served weapons are assigned primary positions.

How deep is a hasty fighting position?


The term hasty does not mean that there is no digging. If there is a natural hole or ditch available, use it. If not, dig a prone shelter that will give some protection. The hole should be about one-half meter (18 to 20 in) deep.

What are the basic requirements for constructing a good fighting position?

Constructed a one-man fighting position with the following characteristics: � Wide enough for you and your equipment. � Armpit deep with frontal and overhead cover at least 18 inches deep. � Had grenade sumps and a floor sloped toward the sumps. � Allowed you to place fire on your assigned sector.

What are the two types of fighting positions?

Fighting Position.

(1) Primary Fighting Position: the best available position from which the assigned sector of fire can be covered. (2) Alternate Fighting Position: primarily used by crew-served weapons if the primary position becomes untenable or unsuited for carrying out that mission.

What are the different types of fighting positions?

What are the types of fighting positions? primary fighting position, alternate fighting position, supplementary fighting position, and hasty fighting position.

What fighting position is used for crew served weapons?

Alternate Fighting Position
o Alternate Fighting Position:

Are primarily used by crew-served weapons if the primary position becomes untenable or unsuited for carrying out that mission.

What is a grenade sump?

Grenade sump – this is a circular grenade sump large enough to accept the largest known grenade. It is dug under and at the lower part of the fire-step riser. Grenades thrown into the fighting hole are exploded in the sump.

How do you make a hole in a fight?

1: Choose a flat, level area that’s semi-elevated. 2: Mark out a rectangular area approximately 2.5′ by 6′. 3: Dig until the hole is about chest deep, placing the excess dirt in an even berm around the lip of the hole. 4: Add a trench in the center of your hole, perpendicular to the long side, about 6″ wide by 1′ deep.

What is forward limit USMC?

Forward Limit. Established at the range at which the weapon will open fire. For rifles and automatic rifles, this may extend up to their maximum effective ranges. When possible, a terrain feature is selected to locate this. Fighting Position.

What is a Mort statement USMC?

MORT. method, objective, route, time. SOSES. shape, orientation, size, elevation, slope. SAMK.

What is a range card USMC?

A range card is a sketch of the assigned sector that a direct fire weapon system is intended to cover. A range card aids in planning and controlling fires and aids the crews and squad gunners in acquiring targets during limited visibility.

What rank is a squad leader?

staff sergeant
In the U.S. Army the Table of Organization and Equipment (TO&E), the rank of a rifle squad leader is staff sergeant and in the Marine Corps the rank is sergeant, though a corporal may also act as a squad leader in the absence of sufficient numbers of sergeants.

What are the 3 types of defense operations?

The three types of defensive operations are the mobile defense, area defense, and retrograde. All apply at both the tactical and operational levels of war. Mobile defenses orient on destroying attacking forces by permitting the enemy to advance into a position that exposes him to counterattack.

What does Safesoc mean USMC?

It’s called SAFESOC (security, automatic weapons, fields of fire, entrenchment, supplementary/alternate positions, obstacles and camouflage).”

What is an e8 in the Marine Corps?

Master sergeants (E-8) and master gunnery sergeants (E-9) provide technical leadership as occupational specialists in their specific MOS. The sergeant major of the Marine Corps is the senior enlisted Marine of the entire Marine Corps, personally selected by the commandant.

Who is the second command?

A second-in-command is someone who is next in rank to the leader of a group, and who has authority to give orders when the leader is not there.

How many Marines are in a rifle platoon?

43 Marines
In the United States Marine Corps, infantry rifle platoons nominally (per TO&E) consist of 43 Marines and are led by a platoon commander, usually a second lieutenant (O-1), assisted by a platoon sergeant, a staff sergeant (E-6).